What it is

Gonorrhoea is a STD caused by bacteria, which can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and infertility if left undiagnosed. The bacteria usually affects the genitals, but it can also affect the throat, rectum, penis or eyes. You may have heard as gonorrhoea being referred to as ‘the clap'.

How you get it

Gonorrhoea is passed on through unprotected sex of all kinds, including oral sex. It is easily spread with or without symptoms so make sure you protect yourself and use a condom. It can also be passed from a pregnant mother to her foetus.

The symptoms

It's a tricky one because in five out of every six cases, there are no symptoms. So if you have contracted gonorrhoea you may not even know you have it. But you should be on the look out for vaginal discharge, itchiness or swelling of the vagina, abdominal pain, pain during sexual intercourse and a burning sensation when urinating. Since gonorrhoea can also affect the throat (usually due to oral sex), it may cause a sore throat.


Gonorrhoea is easy to treat with antibiotics. So take a trip to your local doctor and get checked out. But remember that condoms are the easiest and the best preventative!

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